Basic Theory/History of TKD

Below are some fundamental theories which should be understood (and ultimately remembered!) by all those studying TaeKwon-Do with the T.A.G.B.

What is Tae Kwon-Do?

Tae Kwon-Do is a version of an ancient form of unarmed combat practised for many centuries in the Orient, perfected in its present form in Korea.

Translated from Korean, ‘Tae’ literally means to jump, kick or smash with the foot. ‘Kwon’ means a fist – chiefly to punch or destroy with the hand or fist. ‘Do’ means art, way or method. Tae Kwon-Do indicates the technique of unarmed combat for self-defence, involving the skilled application of punches, kicks, blocks, dodges and interceptions with the hand, arms and feet to the rapid destruction of the opponent.

To the Korean people Tae Kwon-Do is more than a mere use of skilled movements. It also implies a way of thinking and life, particularly in instilling a concept and spirit of strict self-imposed discipline and an ideal of noble moral re-armament.

In these days of violence and intimidation which seem to plague our modern societies, Tae Kwon-Do enables the weak to possess a fine weapon to defend himself or herself and defeat the opponent as well. When wrongly applied it can be a lethal weapon.

The History of Tae Kwon-Do

Tae Kwon-Do was inaugurated in South Korea on April 11th 1955 following extensive research and development by the founder Major General Choi Hong Hi, 9th Degree Black Belt (9 November 1918 – 15 June 2002).
Taekwon-do was introduced into the United Kingdom in 1967.
The TaeKwon-Do Association of Great Britain (T.A.G.B.) was formed in August 1983 and is now the largest single Tae Kwon-Do body in Great Britain. The TAGB has over 600 Tae Kwon-Do schools across Great Britain, with over 25,000 licensed members, and holds regular championships throughout Great Britain, as well as international tournaments.
On the 21st of April 1988 a new governing body for TaeKwon-Do was formed called the British TaeKwon-Do Council (B.T.C.) This now incorporates 11 different organisations and is the only body recognised by the United Kingdom Sports Council. The T.A.G.B. is a founder member and is also at present the largest organisation in the B.T.C.
The TAGB is a founder member of Tae Kwon-Do International – a world wide body with representation in every continent of the globe. TaeKwon-Do International was inaugurated on November 13th 1993.

The Tenets of Tae Kwon-Do

COURTESY: To be polite to one’s instructors, seniors and fellow students.
INTEGRITY: To be honest with oneself. One must be able to define right and wrong.
PERSEVERANCE: To achieve a goal, whether it is a higher grade or any technique, one must not stop trying; one must persevere.
SELF CONTROL: To lose one’s temper when performing techniques against an opponent can be very dangerous and shows lack of control. To be able to live, work and train within one’s capability shows good self-control.
INDOMITABLE SPIRIT: To show courage when you and your principles are pitted against overwhelming odds.

Student Oath

As a student of Tae Kwon-Do, I do solemnly pledge to abide by the rules and regulations of the Tae Kwon-Do Association, to strive always to be modest, courteous and respectful to all members, in particular my seniors, to put the art into use only for self-defence or defence of the weak and never to abuse my knowledge of the art.

Conduct in the Dojang

Every student must observe the following conduct in the Dojang in order to maintain an orderly and effective training hall.

Bow upon entering the dojang
Bow to the Instructor at a proper distance
Exchange greetings between students
Bow to Instructor upon forming a line prior to training
Bow to the Instructor upon forming a line prior to dismissal
Bow before leaving the Dojang.

10 Points to Becoming a Good Tae Kwon-Do Student

  • Never tire of learning; a student must always be eager to learn and ask questions. A good student can learn anywhere anytime. This is the secret of knowledge.
  • A good student must be willing to sacrifice for his art and his Instructor. Many students feel that their training is a commodity bought with monthly fees, and are unwilling to take part in any demonstrations, teaching, or work around the Dojang. An instructor can afford to lose this type of student.
  • Always set a good example to lower ranking students. It is only natural that they attempt to emulate their seniors.
  • Always be loyal and never criticise the Instructor, Tae Kwon-do, or the teaching methods.
  • If an Instructor teaches a technique, practise it and attempt to utilise it.
  • Remember that a student’s conduct outside the Dojang reflects on the Art and on their Instructor.
  • If a student adopts a technique from another Dojang and the Instructor disapproves of it, the student must discard it immediately, or train in the Dojang where it was learnt.
  • Never be disrespectful to the Instructor, although a student is allowed to disagree with the Instructor, he must first follow the instruction, then discuss the matter later.
  • Always arrive before training is due to start, and ensure that you have a good attendance record.
  • Never break a trust.

Rules & Regulations

All students must complete and sign the relevant application forms prior to commencing training.
All students must be in possession of a T.A.G.B. membership and record card after their first four weeks training.
Subscriptions to be paid in the first week of every month. Failure to do so will incur a penalty fee.
The build-up of arrears is NOT ACCEPTED.
One month’s prior notice must be given for adjustment of fees owing to holidays etc.
Any student not attending lessons and not paying fees for a continuous period of 2 months or more, shall pay a re-enrolment fee before being allowed to re commence training.
No smoking, eating, drinking or wearing of jewellery, rings etc. in the dojang are permitted.
Whilst wearing a dobok NO SMOKING is permitted regardless of the place (dojang, tournament, demonstration etc.)
When eating or drinking whilst wearing a dobok your belt must be removed.
After the first grading a dobok must be worn during training in the dojang; wearing tracksuits or outside clothes is not permitted unless prior permission has been obtained from the Instructor.
The most senior member present will commence training sessions promptly until the Instructor arrives.
Misuse of the Art will result in disciplinary action.
Grading will depend on attendance and the Instructors discretion as well as technical ability.
No student may officially change schools without completing a transfer form and obtaining prior permission from both Instructors concerned.
All students should be in possession of a Students Handbook after their first grading.