Sajo Jirugi 1

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The basic exercise Sajo Jirugi has a total of 15 moves. Sajo translated from Korean means Four Direction, Jirugi translates as Punch, so; Sajo Jirugi means ‘Four Directional Punch’. There are two versions of this exercise; the first uses low section outer forearm block, the second is identical to the first except that it uses middle section inner forearm block.

What your instructor/examiner is looking for

Patterns (or in this case, basic exercise) always start and finish on exactly the same spot (so when in a grading and you are located on position number 4, you should still be in that exact same spot when you return to your ready position at the end of your pattern).

Correct Stances

  • Walking stance should be one shoulder’s width wide and 1.5 – 2 shoulder’s width long.
  • The front knee should be bent (knee over the foot) with the foot turned slightly inward, the back leg should be locked straight with the heel on the floor.
  • Weight should be distributed evenly 50/50.

 

walkingstancewidth

One shoulder’s width wide

walkingstancelength

1.5 – 2 shoulder’s width long

Focus

  • Punches should be along the middle line (aim at the V. of the suit of your imaginary opponent in front of you!).
  • Your eyes always be focused on the target of your next technique.

Power

  • The technique should accelerate and then end with a ‘snap’. Perform all techniques with power as if REALLY fighting. A technically perfect Sajo Jirugi but done gently, not demonstrating it as fighting technique will not get you an A-pass. HARD!!

Technique

  • The punch and block should both end with a straight arm.
  • The punch should show the correct use of the forefist.
  • The punch/step/reaction hand should all end simultaneously.
  • Punches should be to shoulder height – arm should be horizontal.
  • The reaction hand should finish on the belt, pulled right back with elbow tucked in, knuckles down – little finger side touching the belt (kids especially tend to have knuckles facing outwards not down!).
  • The chamber for the low blocks should be high and with the hands facing the correct way and on the correct side (for low block the hand performing the block starts on the inside facing inwards – knuckles out, for middle block used in Sajo Jirugi 2 the hand performing the block starts on the outside, facing outwards).
  • Hip twist:
    • On the punches this is achieved by reaching with the reaction hand, turning the upper body completely side on (hiding of the punching hand from the front) and then turning the body back to full facing as you punch.
    • For the low blocks; on chambering for the block the body angle should be sideways on with the back leg bent and front leg straight with the front heel pointing (nearly!) towards the front (pivoting on the ball of the foot to get to this angle), pivoting on the balls of the feet, hip twist into the walking stance as you block.
  • When moving, the foot should slide along the floor, not be picked up and put down.

sajoThis diagram shows the pattern that all the moves make. Chunbi position starts at X, facing towards D.

The following pictures show each of the moves – to help beginners we have broken each move down further into the ‘chamber’ (preparation) stage. Each pattern move is numbered – the number is shown at the bottom of the photo.

 

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Chunbi position – parallel ready stance (front view)

Chunbi position – parallel ready stance (for ease, the rest of
the pattern is shown rear view).

Prepare to move – raise and reach with left arm, taking your weight on your left leg, taking right hand to hip in preparation for punch
chunbi

1) Move right foot out to a right walking stance, perform middle section punch towards D with right forefist (simultaneously) pulling (left) reaction hand to belt, shoulders square, punching to centre.

Turn head to look left towards B, pull front (right) foot back, raise arms to chamber position (facing outwards) with left arm on the inside (facing inwards)

Move right foot diagonally out

2) Turn 90° to the left towards B, perform a low section outer forearm block (low block) with the left arm, hip twisting into a left walking stance (bent front knee, straight back leg, heel on ground, weight 50/50, pivot on ball of left foot for hip twist)

Pull back (right) leg forwards, raise left arm and reach forwards

3) Slide right leg diagonally forwards to form right walking stance, perform middle section punch towards B with right forefist

Turn head to look left towards C, pull front leg back, raise arms to chamber for left low block

Move right leg out

4) Turn 90° left towards C hip-twisting into a left walking stance whilst performing low block with left forearm

Pull back (right) foot forwards, raise front (left) arm to reach forwards


5) Slide right foot diagonally forwards to form right walking stance while performing a middle section punch towards C with the right forefist

Turn head to look left towards A, pull front (right) foot back, raise hands to chamber for low block

Move right foot out

6) Turn 90° left towards A hip twisting into a left walking stance whilst performing low block with left forearm

Pull back (right) leg forwards, raise front hand and reach forwards

7) Move right foot out to form right walking stance while performing obverse (front hand) middle section punch towards A – shout (kihap)

8) Pull front (right) leg back and turn 90° left to return to chunbi (parallel ready stance) towards D, making sure your feet are parallel.

Raise right hand, reach forward, take left hand to the belt, taking your weight on right leg, taking left hand to hip in preparation for punch

9) Move left foot diagonally out to form a left walking stance, perform obverse (front/left) middle section punch towards D.

Turn head to look right towards A, pull front (left) leg back, raise arms facing outwards to chamber for low block – right arm on the inside, facing inwards

Move left leg out to prepare for walking stance

10) Turn 90° to the right hip-twisting into a right walking stance towards A whilst performing a right low block

Pull left leg forwards, raise front hand and reach forwards

11) Move left foot forwards to form a left walking stance performing a middle section obverse punch (reaction hand to the belt) towards A.

Turn head to look right towards C, pull front leg back, raise arms to chamber for low block

Move left leg out to prepare for walking stance

12) Turn 90° to the right hip-twisting into a right walking stance towards C whilst performing a right low block

Pull left leg forwards, raise front hand and reach forwards

13) Move left foot forwards to form a left walking stance performing a middle section obverse punch (reaction hand to the belt) towards C.

Turn head to look right towards B, pull front (left) leg back, raise arms to chamber for low block

Move left leg out to prepare for walking stance

14) Turn 90° to the right hip-twisting into a right walking stance towards B whilst performing a right low block

Pull left leg forwards, raise front hand and reach forwards

15) Move left foot forwards to form a left walking stance performing a middle section obverse punch towards B – shout (kihap). Stay still until instructed…

When instructed (barro) pull left leg back and turn 90° right towards D to return to chunbi (parallel ready stance – narani chunbi soggi)